admin No Comments

Real Estate Agent Charged with Grand Theft and Money Laundering

Zucaro Booking PhotoVENTURA, California – District Attorney Gregory D. Totten announced today the filing of a criminal complaint against Megan Elizabeth Zucaro (DOB 7/11/70), of Thousand Oaks, charging one felony count of grand theft, one felony count of diversion of construction funds, and one felony count of money laundering. The investigation and prosecution of Zucaro was conducted by the District Attorney’s Real Estate Fraud Unit.

Zucaro, a real estate agent licensed by the California Department of Real Estate, is accused of misappropriating approximately $165,000 in loan proceeds. Zucaro convinced a 90-year-old victim to give her a 50 percent interest in his property in order to obtain a loan to develop the property on his behalf. Zucaro paid nothing in return for her interest in the property, which has an estimated value of $2 million. After being added on to the property’s title, Zucaro used it as collateral for a loan with net proceeds of $165,000. Within 30 days of receiving the $165,000, Zucaro allegedly spent these funds on personal expenses unrelated to the victim’s property development.

Arraignment is scheduled March 5, 2020, at 9:00 a.m. in courtroom 12 of the Ventura County Superior Court. Zucaro is currently in custody with bail set at $500,000. If convicted, she faces a maximum sentence of 3 years 8 months in prison.

Download Press Release

admin No Comments

14th Annual Fraud Awareness Forum

newscheck12019 REFAT Annual Fraud Awareness Forum:

This is an educational event brought to you by REFAT and geared to real estate professionals. REFAT’s mission is to prevent, detect and report real estate fraud. We strive to accomplish this through education.

The Real Estate Advisory Team (REFAT) is a unique collaboration between the Ventura County District Attorney’s Real Estate Fraud Unit and Ventura County real estate professionals.

The combined knowledge and expertise of these volunteer team members help identify the types of frauds taking place, striving to educate people about the ever-changing tactics of scammers who seek to take advantage of Ventura County residents.

2019 Sponsors FinalB

For Sponsorship Opportunities, Download Form.

Date and Time:
Tue, October 22, 2019
11:30 AM – 1:15 PM PDT
Add to Calendar

Residence Inn Oxnard River Ridge
2101 W Vineyard Ave
Oxnard, CA 93036
View Map

admin No Comments

Wire Fraud Advisory

VENTURA, California – District Attorney Gregory D. Totten warned today of a fraud scheme in which individuals purchasing a home or engaging in business transactions can be tricked into wiring large sums of money to thieves.  Sadly, in many cases, the money cannot be retrieved.

This scam is called Business Email Compromise (BEC).  Typically, the suspect hacks into an email account to monitor communications about an upcoming real estate purchase or business deal.  When the deal nears completion, the suspect will send a “spoofed” email to the purchaser that falsely appears to be from a real estate agent, escrow officer, or title agent involved in the transaction.  The fraudulent email provides instructions on wiring the funds (e.g., a down payment for a house) and the consumer wires money to an account under the suspect’s control. Once received, the funds are rapidly – sometimes within minutes or hours –  wired overseas or converted to cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin. Too often, these funds represent the consumer’s life savings.

Recently, the Ventura County District Attorney’s Office received reports of fraudulent BEC transactions targeting consumers in our area. A prompt investigation resulted in the return of most of the stolen funds to the victims.  In one case, $358,405 of funds an individual had sent to purchase a small business was recovered.  In another case, $142,770 of a down payment for a home was recovered. Quick action by consumers and investigators was essential to thwart these crimes.  Unfortunately, in many cases, by the time the theft is discovered, the funds have been transferred and cannot be recovered.

Last year in California alone, over $42 million was lost to BEC scams. Fifty percent of victim losses stemmed from BEC fraud involving real estate transactions. Nationwide, BEC causes $3.1 billion in losses. The District Attorney recommends the following tips to avoid becoming a victim of this type of fraud:

  • Obtain names and phone numbers from all real estate professionals – including the buyer’s or seller’s agent, escrow agent, attorney, and any other professionals that may be involved in the purchase or sale of the property – at the beginning of the transaction.
  • Never wire or electronically transfer funds (including opening deposits, down payments, or earnest money) without first calling and verifying all emailed wire instructions. Use a known phone number obtained at the beginning of the transaction for this confirmation. Do not use any phone number provided in an emailed wire transfer instruction. This confirmation should be accomplished by voice, not by text or email.
  • Throughout your real estate transaction, provide sensitive information only by voice rather than by email or text. Limit social media use, including location information and check-in sites, and do not discuss pending real estate transactions on any form of social media. Such information may be used to target your transaction and to better time fraudulent wire transfer emails.
  • Insist your real estate professionals communicate with you using secured business email accounts instead of free email services such as Gmail, Yahoo, Hotmail, etc. Secure your own email accounts with multi-factor authentication, strong passwords, and virtual private network (VPN) services if using free email services.

Consumers who believe they have already wired funds to an unauthorized account should immediately do the following:

  • First, contact your bank, in person, and demand a wire recall. Obtain confirmation that the wire has been reversed. If the transfer has been made after normal business hours, call your bank’s 24‑hour customer support line.
  • Second, immediately file a fraud report with the Federal Bureau of Investigation at
  • Third, submit a real estate fraud complaint form to the District Attorney’s Office through

In light of the pervasive spread of business email compromise activity, consumers must be especially vigilant. Once funds have been wired out of a consumer’s account, successful recovery of those funds is often impossible.


The Ventura County District Attorney’s Office is the public prosecutor for the county’s 850,000 residents. The office employs approximately 280 employees including attorneys, investigators, victim advocates, and other professional support staff who strive to seek justice, ensure public safety, and protect the rights of crime victims.

Follow the Ventura County District Attorney’s Office on Twitter @VenturaDAOffice  Download Press Release

admin No Comments

13th Annual Fraud Awareness Forum

42107966_2616259461721370_6431242354962726912_nDATE AND TIME: Wed, September 19, 2018  12:00 PM – 2:00 PM PDT

Residence Inn by Marriott Oxnard River Ridge,
2101 West Vineyard Avenue,
Oxnard, CA 93036

The Real Estate Advisory Team (REFAT) is a unique collaboration between the Ventura County District Attorney’s Real Estate Fraud Unit and Ventura County real estate professionals. The combined knowledge and expertise of these volunteer team members help identify the types of frauds taking place and keep on top of the ever changing tactics of scammers who seek to take advantage of Ventura County residents.

REFAT’s mission is to prevent, detect and report real estate fraud. We strive to accomplish this through educating two groups; real estate professionals and the general public. Our industry outreach to agents, lenders, escrow companies, title companies, etc. is essential as these professionals directly participate in most real estate transactions and are the “front line of defense” since they are in an ideal position to detect warning signs and take action to prevent fraud. Our public outreach efforts are aimed at educating the public and to provide them tools and resources to detect warning signs of real estate fraud so they can avoid becoming a victim. REFAT also provides information on how to report incidents where you know or suspect that you or someone else has been defrauded.

admin No Comments

Upcoming Event: Legal update and upcoming BRE changes

BRE EVENT 2018bbREFAT Presents
Legal update and upcoming BRE changes
Where: VCCAR training room
When: Wednesday May 23rd, 2018
Lunch & check in 12:00
Presentation 12:15-1:15


RSVP requested, but not required


  • Jennifer Felten, Attorney at law
  • Carlo H-Banki, Statewide Facilitator/ Special Investigator, BRE



admin No Comments

District attorney’s warns of rental frauds

gdt_meet_da-190x110The Ventura County district attorney’s office advises residents to be vigilant when using online listing services to secure rental housing.

Such services do not typically verify that the person advertising a property is actually authorized to list the property for rent. This creates an opportunity for criminals to prey upon unsuspecting victims.

Because of the ease of listing properties online on sites such as, scams are difficult to detect. An online rental scam can be orchestrated from anywhere in the world.

The VCDA’s office offers the following tips to renters to avoid becoming a victim of fraud:

  • Arrange to meet with the owner or agent to inspect the property before paying any money. If the “owner” is out of town or otherwise “unavailable” to show the property, or states the property may not be shown, renters should look for another rental property.
  • Be wary of advertisements offering a property at below market rent or at a significant discount.
  • Do not pay for rent or a security deposit with cash or via a wire transfer. Credit cards may offer some protection in the event of fraud.
  • Whenever possible, deliver payment to an open and established business and avoid sending money through the mail. Request a signed lease agreement and keys to a rental property in exchange for the initial payment.
  • Obtain identification from and make note of whomever is claiming to have the authority to rent out the property.
  • Be wary of people who claim to be a real estate or rental agent but provide a business card without a valid California Bureau of Real Estate license number.
  • Use websites that have visible customer feedback, ratings on landlords and a reputation for secure transactions.
  • To prevent identity theft, do not provide a Social Security number, driver’s license number or bank account number until verifying that the person renting the property is authorized to do so.

If a property is advertised by someone claiming to be a real estate agent, verify their credentials at the California Bureau of Real Estate website at

If the listing is being advertised by a property management company, such companies are also licensed by the bureau. Their credentials can be verified at the website listed above.

The best practice is to work with a licensed real estate agent or property manager to find legitimate rental properties. If an agent fails to perform due diligence and a consumer loses money as a result, the consumer may contact the Bureau of Real Estate to seek restitution.

Victims, property owners or agents who find an unauthorized property being offered for rent online should immediately submit a report to the district attorney’s real estate fraud unit at Only report suspicious properties advertised in Ventura County.

V2W4K_0028_Layer 26

admin No Comments

11th Annual Fraud Awareness Forum

Industry update on the latest fraud activities affecting real estate and mortgage industries.
Featured Speakers: Wayne Bell, Commissioner, California Bureau of Real Estate
Jennifer Felten, Esq., Principal Owner and Attorney RELAW, APC
Tony Wold, Deputy District Attorney, Real Estate Fraud Unit, Ventura County District Attorney’s Office

WHEN: Thursday, September 22, 2016 from 11:45 AM to 2:00 PM (PDT)
WHERE: Residence Inn Oxnard River Ridge – 2101 West Vineyard Avenue, Oxnard, CA 93036

We like to thank everyone who came to The 11th Annual Fraud Awareness Forum. For more information visit #Ventura#Camarillo #VenturaCounty #Moorpark #SimiValley #SantaPaula #Fillmore#Forum #Fraud #RealEstateFraud #RealtorsSlide 1small



Evenet Banner wayne bell

admin No Comments

Real Estate Fraud Town Hall Meeting

October 18, 2011

Ed Martinez, REFAT Public Outreach Committee Member

Oxnard, Calfornia-People from all walks of life with the common bond of home ownership came to listen with hopes of finding a way to navigate through the maze of information to help save their homes. Some are in default others are considering their options but all came to hear what the speakers had to say. Every home owner had specific items of interest they came to hear.


The event was hosted by local radio personality David Cruz. In attendance were County Supervisors John Zaragoza and Kathy Long. Also in attendance were District Attorney Greg Totten and Senior Deputy District Attorney Miles Weiss and Ventura County tax assessor Mark Lunn. A representative from State Assemblyman Das Williams office was also present along with members of the Real Estate Fraud Advisory Team and other real estate professionals and affiliates. Quite an impressive group showing the community support in our efforts to combat real estate fraud.

After introductions, Senior D.D.A. Miles Weiss presented what the D.A.’s office has been doing to prosecute individuals who are preying on distressed home owners. Spanish speaking and the elderly community are the ones most at risk to falling victim to these predators. Some families have been victimized several times. He said the goal of the meeting from his office’s perspective was to educate the public and prosecute violators.


As Mr. Weiss spoke, a power point presentation showed the mug shots of some of the predators, some had the word “Guilty” written across their photo. The remainder had been charged but not found guilty as of the meeting. Mr. Weiss told how many people view each person who comes to offer aid as just another voice promising the same thing. We are not all the same, there is help.

He emphasized to make a plan of action, and told the crowd that it has been illegal since October of 2009 for anyone to charge fees in advance for assistance in obtaining a loan modification, refinance or short sale. Home owners should open and real letters from their bank. There may be an action plan from the bank inside that letter.

Mr. Weiss ended his presentation with empowering home owners to make an action plan. He said if you own the home, own the problem. Partner up with local professionals who can help free of charge, and work directly with your lender for the best chance to save your home.


Mr. Fernie Campos represented the Real Estate Fraud Advisory Team (REFAT) he informed people that there is a real estate fraud referral hot line (805) 751-5899 they can call to answer their questions There are 25 real estate agents and affiliates on the REFAT team that are committed to combating fraud. One of the factors with regard to fraud is that people don’t talk about it. There is a web site they can also log in to for help. The key is reporting fraudulent activity.

National Association of Hispanic Real Estate Professionals (NAHREP) was represented by Jorge DeLeon. He told the crowd that NAHREP is working with fraud prevention groups and one of the goals of NAHREP is to help people achieve the American dream of home ownership.


Surepath Finanancial Solutions and Cabrillo Economic Development Corporation (CEDC) offered help at no charge to distressed home owners. Some perceive that no charge means there is no fight on behalf of the home owners. That is an incorrect assumption and assured the group that they are advocates for home owners. They are both organizations that are housing and urban development (HUD) approved by the U.S. Government.

The meeting lasted almost two hours. Home owners left with information on where to get free help from local organizations and had an opportunity to see that there is a community of support fighting real estate fraud. They left knowing that we are one of the most progressive counties in the state attacking real estate fraud.

I was able to meet three attendees to ask their thoughts on the town hall meeting; Pedro said he was impressed with the representatives who were in attendance but his experience with CEDC was not a good one. He said he had called them and made to feel that his case was a bother. He was not giving up and will reach out to Surepath in hopes of resolving his issue. He was glad to learn there was more assistance available. I reminded him of the REFAT web site and hotline in case he needed it.

Gerardo heard about the meeting from the radio show. He was glad there was a Spanish speaking interpreter. He is disgusted that his race is being targeted but knew that before the meeting. He wished he could do more to help his community. I told him he can help by spreading the word to everyone he knows. He said there was not enough information on how to do a loan modification and thought the meeting may have given some a false hope that everyone can save their home. He is still hoping for the best in his case.


Jorge told me he was a victim. He had paid $3,000 to a company to help with a loan modification. There was never any action performed by the company and his home is still in default. He would like to see the mug shot of the man who took his money on the wall some day. He noticed that none of the predators offering help were in attendance. Jorge did get some valuable information that he hopes will benefit his situation. He went to the table at the back of the room and gathered information. He will not be paying anyone to help him now that he knows there is free help available.

Copyright 2012, REFAT